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Disease Control in Crops Bio & Envir Friendly Approaches
Disease Control in Crops Bio & Envir Friendly Approaches
Explores the development of non-chemical approaches to disease control.
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The control of diseases in crops is still largely dominated by the use of fungicides, but with the increasing incidence of fungicide resistance, plus mounting concern for the environment resulting from excessive agrochemical use, the search for alternative, reliable methods of disease control is gaining momentum.

The purpose of this important book is to examine the development and exploitation (or potential for exploitation) of a range of non-chemical approaches to disease control, with a focus on the need for a greater understanding of crop ecology as the basis for effective disease control in the field. Chapters in the book, written by international experts in the subject area, include coverage of:

  • biological control methods
  • host-plant resistance
  • the exploitation of tolerance
  • and the use of bacteriophages

Carefully edited by Professor Dale Walters, widely respected for his work in the area of crop protection, Disease Control in Crops is an essential reference book for plant pathologists, microbiologists, plant and agricultural scientists and crop protection specialists, including those working within, and providing consultancy to, the agrochemical industries. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences and agriculture are studied and taught should have copies of this publication on their shelves.

Disease Control in Crops: Biological and Environmentally Friendly Approaches


List of Contributors
Preface

Chapter 1: Introduction

Dale Walters

The Importance of Plant Disease
Problems Associated With Controlling Plant Disease
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References


Chapter 2: Managing Crop Disease Through Cultural Practices

Dale Walters

Introduction
Reducing the Amount of Pathogen Inoculum
Reducing Pathogen Spread Within the Crop
Soil Amendments and Mulching
Suppressive Soils
Intercropping
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References


Chapter 3: Biological Control Agents in Plant Disease Control

John M. Whipps and Mark P. McQuilken

Introduction
Modes of Action
Production, Formulation and Application
Commercial Products Available and Uses
Factors Affecting Variable Efficacy and Constraints on Commercial Developments
Future Research Directions and Conclusions
References


Chapter 4: Induced Resistance for Plant Disease Control

Tony Reglinski and Dale Walters

Introduction
Induced Resistance in Practice
Costs Associated with Induced Resistance
Trade-offs Associated with Induced Resistance
Future Prospects
Acknowledgements
References


Chapter 5: The Use of Composts and Compost Extracts in Plant Disease Control

Audrey Litterick and Martin Wood

Introduction
Definitions of Composts, Composting, Compost Extracts and Compost Teas
Production of Composts and Compost Extracts/Teas
History of the Use of Composts and Compost Extracts in Crop Production
Current Use of Composts and Compost Extracts/Teas in Crop Production
Crop and Soil Health
Effects of Composts on Plant Disease
Effects of Compost Extracts/Teas on Plant Disease
Mechanisms Involved in the Suppression/Control of Plant Disease Using Composts and Compost Extracts/Teas
Conclusions and Future Work
References


Chapter 6: The Use of Host Plant Resistance in Disease Control

Hugh Wallwork

Introduction and Benefits of Resistance
Types of Resistance
Sources of Resistance
Breeding Methodology and Selection Strategies for Inbreeding Crops
Deployment of Resistance
Conclusion
References


Chapter 7: Crop Tolerance of Foliar Pathogens: Possible Mechanisms and Potential for Exploitation

Ian Bingham and Adrian Newton

Introduction
Concepts and Definitions – A Historical Perspective
Yield Formation
How Can Tolerance be Quantified?
Potential Crop Traits Conferring Tolerance
Is There a Physiological or Ecological Cost to Tolerance
Role of Modeling
Strategy for Improving Tolerance
Acknowledgements
References


Chapter 8: Plant Disease Control Through the Use of Variety Mixtures

Adrian Newton

Introduction
Trial Demonstrations of Mixtures
Mixtures Used in Practice
Conclusion
References


Chapter 9: Biofumigation for Plant Disease Control – From the Fundamentals to the Farming System

John Kirkegaard

Introduction
The Glucosinolate – Myrosinase System
Modes of Utilization
Separating GSL-Related Suppression from other Effects of Biofumigants
Maximizing Biofumigation Potential
Release Efficiency, Fate and Activity of Hydrolysis Products in Soil
Ecological Considerations
Field Implementation
Summary
References


Chapter 10: Control of Plant Disease Through Soil Solarization

Abraham Gamliel and Jaacov Katan

Introduction
Principles of Soil Solarization
Pathogen and Weed Control
Mechanisms of Control and Plant-Growth Improvement
Integrated Management
Modelling of Soil Solarization and Decision-Making Tools
Improvements by Intensifying Soil Heating
Implementation and Application
Special Uses of Solarizaion
Solarization and the MB Crisis
Concluding Remarks
References


Chapter 11: Plant Disease Control by Nutrient Management: Sulphur

Silvia Haneklaus, Elke Bloem and Ewald Schnug

Introduction
Sulphur-Induced Resistance – Agronomic, Physiological, and Molecular Aspects
Perspectives in Research
References


Chapter 12: Control of Plant Disease by Disguising the Leaf Surface

Dale Walters

Introduction
Controlling Disease Using Film-Forming Polymers
Particle Films as Agents for Control of Plant Disease
Disrupting Spore Adhesion to the Leaf Surface
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References


Chapter 13: Bacteriophages as Agents for the Control of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

Botond Balogh, Timur Momol, Aleksa Obradovic and Jeffrey Jones

Introduction
Biological Control
Early Use of Bacteriophages in Agriculture
Recent Approaches for Using Phages in Plant Pathology
Challenges in Using Phages for Disease Control
Phages a Part of an Integrated Management Strategy
Summary
References


Chapter 14: Controlling Plant Disease Using Biological and Environmentally Friendly Approaches: Making it Work in Practice

Dale Walters

Introduction
How Might Biologically Based Disease Control be Used in Crop Protection Practice?
Biologically Based Disease Control: Barriers to Implementation
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References


Index
Publish Date: 2009
Format: 6.9" x 9.7" hardcover
Pages: 266
Publication Weight: 3 lbs

Edited by Dale Walters

Disease Control in Crops: Biological and Environmentally Friendly Approaches

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