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Due to their rapid development and explosive rate of reproduction, aphids rank among the most important crop plant pests. They extract phloem sap from host plants and excrete the excess in the form of honeydew. In addition, many aphid species damage their hosts by transmitting viruses: aphids are virus vectors. Yield losses due to viral diseases are often more serious than the direct damage due to sap extraction.
The most important vector of plant viruses worldwide is the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae. When it leaves its winter host, the peach tree, it colonizes numerous crop plants, e.g., beets, potatoes, and vegetables, and infects them with various viruses. Other aphids, such as Sitobion avenae, are specific to cereals and transmit the Barley yellow dwarf virus.
In a combination of fascinating macro sequences and 3D animations, this educational film impressively illustrates the life cycle of aphids, their behavior on winter and summer hosts, and their feeding habits. The different behavior patterns during feeding probes and prolonged feeding, which influence the mode of virus transmission (non-persistent, persistent), are presented in clear, lucidly explained video sequences. A paper insert of additional references on the interactions between plant viruses and their aphid vectors during the process of virus transmission is also included.
The Aphid: A Virus Vector addresses a wide audience, including lecturers, students of agronomy, biology, ecology and their related disciplines, as well as governmental and non-governmental advisory bodies, and last but not least, farmers.
Prof. Dr. Urs Wyss, Dr. Gunnar Mölck, Dr. Gert Petersen,
Institute of Phytopathology, Christian-Albrechts University Kiel, GermanyVirological Advisor:
Dr. H. Josef Vetten
Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry (BBA)
Institute for Plant Virology, Microbiology and BiosafetyWith contributions by
Hans-Helmut PetersenMacro photography:
Prof. Dr. Urs Wyss, Maria WagnerScientific animations:
Axel Schultz, Sven RabeProduction Manager:
Nikolaus W. WeissenhornWritten and directed by:
Dr. Trude Hard, Dr. Rolf P. StummVideo Production:
STUMM-FILM Dr. Rolf Stumm Medien GmbH
2004 Comenius Award
The oldest German and European Award for excellent educational media, the Comenius Award is given annually by The Society for Pedagogy and Information, a renowned scientific society for multimedia, educational technology, and media didactics. The recipient of this prize is selected in an independent review process according to didactic and scientific merit.
The Aphid: A Virus Vector DVD
The audio presented on the DVD comes in English. The DVD will work in Windows and Mac environments.
Standard Limited Use License
Aphids: A Virus Vector is protected by copyright and its use is limited. It may be shown to, or viewed by, groups within a classroom or educational presentation setting, but may not be made available via local area network (LAN) without permission (permission for LAN also requires an additional LAN license fee). It may not be copied, or otherwise duplicated to share with other individuals in full or in part. It may not be transferred to the Internet in full or in part.
Local Area Network (LAN) License Upgrade
The DVD and its content may not be run concurrently on more than one computer and it may not be networked unless an upgraded Local Area Network (LAN) License is purchased. If a LAN License is purchased, its use is limited to a specific site access and must be controlled to include only staff and/or students at that location. Within the LAN License the videos may be shown with the same privileges as the Limited Use License and also allows the videos to be viewed by students and staff autonomously as long as they are limited to access from the specified single location. If you are interested in a single-site LAN license for this product, the additional cost is $300, please contact email@example.com.
If you are uncertain which license privileges of the DVD you qualify for, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Distribution without the permission of the publishers is prohibited. Infringements will be prosecuted under civil and criminal law.
Publish Date: 2008
Format: DVD compatible with PC and Mac
Publication Weight: 1 lbs
Edited by Prof. Dr. Urs Wyss, Dr. Gunnar Mölck, and Dr. Gert PetersenThe Aphid: A Virus Vector DVD