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Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits
Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits
New reference presents state-of-the-art biological, molecular, and immunological advances surrounding the causes and strategies for diagnosing and controlling virus diseases of stone fruits.
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This impressive new reference presents state-of-the-art biological, molecular, and immunological advances surrounding the causes and strategies for diagnosing and controlling virus diseases of stone fruits. The book’s vivid color images aid in the visual identification of symptomatology while distribution data and improved laboratory techniques provide reliable information and tools for higher diagnostic accuracy. It includes information on economic impact, biology, distribution, taxonomy, genomes, epidemiology, pathogenicity detection, and control measures. This will be an important resource for anyone working with these high-value crops.

From the Preface:

Graft transmissible diseases of pome and stone fruits have been known for several centuries to reduce yield and quality of fruits before the discovery that their etiological agents are viruses, viroids or phytoplasmas. The recognition that these agents are involved in the etiology of pome and/or stone fruit diseases was revealed during the first few decades of the 20th century for viruses and the 1970s and 1980s for viroids and phytoplasmas. During the last three decades much progress has been made in the fields of plant virology, molecular biology, genomics, biotechnology, and immunology, which significantly accelerated and facilitated research on these pathogens. As a consequence, the flow of published information on these systemic pathogens has increased steadily, reporting both new findings on known pathogens and the discovery of new ones. After having collaborated with each other for many years in this research field, Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits was conceived in 2004 with our recognition of the need for a book that would provide state-of-the-art information on biological, molecular and immunological advances in our knowledge of these pathogens and of strategies to control them. This book presents the result of this team endeavor, providing up to date information in a comprehensive, scientific, and systematic manner.

Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits


Part I. Introduction

Chapter 1: Economic Impact of Pome and Stone Fruit Viruses and Viroids

A. Hadidi and M. Barba

Chapter 2: Economic Impact of Pome and Stone Fruit Phytoplasmas

B. C. Kirkpatrick, G. Pasquini, S. Scott, and X. Foissac

Chapter 3: Classification of Pome and Stone Fruit Viruses, Viroids, and Phytoplasmas

G. P. Martelli, R. Flores, and B. Schneider


Part II. Pome Fruit Viruses and Related Diseases

Chapter 4: Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in Pome Fruits

H. Yaegashi, N. Yoshikawa, and T. Candresse

Chapter 5: Apple latent spherical virus

H. Koganezawa and T. Ito

Chapter 6: Apple mosaic virus in Pome Fruits

K. Petrzik and O. Lenz

Chapter 7: Apple stem grooving virus

S. Massart, M. H. Jijakli, and J. Kummert

Chapter 8: Apple stem pitting virus

W. Jelkmann and S. Paunovic

Chapter 9: Tomato ringspot virus

H. Sanfaçon and M. Fuchs


Part III. Pome Fruit Viroids and Related Diseases

Chapter 10: Apple dimple fruit viroid

F. Di Serio, M. Malfitano, D. Alioto, A. Ragozzino, and R. Flores

Chapter 11: Apple fruit crinkle viroid

H. Koganezawa and T. Ito

Chapter 12: Apple scar skin viroid

A. Hadidi and M. Barba

Chapter 13: Pear blister canker viroid

R. Flores, S. Ambrós, G. Llácer, and C. Hernández


Part IV. Pome Fruit Phytoplasmas and Related Diseases

Chapter 14: Apple Proliferation Phytoplasma

E. Seemüller, L. Carraro, W. Jarausch, and B. Schneider

Chapter 15: Apple Sessile Leaf Phytoplasma

R. Jomantiene and R. E. Davis

Chapter 16: Pear Decline Phytoplasma

E. Seemüller, B. Schneider, and B. Jarausch


Part V. Stone Fruit Viruses and Related Diseases

Chapter 17: Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus in Stone Fruits

A. Myrta, S. Matic, T. Malinowski, G. Pasquini, and T. Candresse

Chapter 18: Apple mosaic virus in Stone Fruits

S. Paunovic, G. Pasquini, and M. Barba

Chapter 19: Apricot latent virus

L. G. Nemchinov, P. Gentit, E. Zemcic, T. Candresse, and A. Hadidi

Chapter 20: Apricot pseudo-chlorotic leaf spot virus

T. Candresse, D. Liberti, M. Barone, A. Marais, and A. Ragozzino

Chapter 21: Asian Prunus Viruses

T. Candresse, A. Marais, L. Svanella-Dumas, and P. Gentit

Chapter 22: Cherry Detrimental Canker

W. Jelkmann

Chapter 23: Cherry green ring mottle virus

W. Jelkmann, M. Rott, and J. K. Uyemoto

Chapter 24: Cherry leaf roll virus

C. Büttner, S. von Bargen, M. Bandte, and A. Myrta

Chapter 25: Cherry mottle leaf virus

D. James

Chapter 26: Cherry necrotic rusty mottle and Cherry rusty mottle viruses

M. Rott and W. Jelkmann

Chapter 27: Cherry rasp leaf virus

D. James

Chapter 28: Cherry Twisted Leaf Disease and its Associated Virus

D. James

Chapter 29: Cherry virus A

A. Marais, T. Candresse, L. Svanella-Dumas, and W. Jelkmann

Chapter 30: Epirus cherry virus

A. Avgelis and M. Barba

Chapter 31: Little cherry virus-1 and -2

W. Jelkmann and K. C. Eastwell

Chapter 32: Nematode-Borne Viruses of Stone Fruits

G. P. Martelli and J. K. Uyemoto

Chapter 33: Peach mosaic virus

H. J. Larsen and D. James

Chapter 34: Plum bark necrosis stem pitting-associatedvirus

D. Boscia, A. Myrta, and J. K. Uyemoto

Chapter 35: American plum line pattern virus

A. Myrta, M. C. Herranz, E. Choueiri, and V. Pallás

Chapter 36: Plum pox virus

M. Barba, A. Hadidi, T. Candresse, and M. Cambra

Chapter 37: Prune dwarf virus

K. Çaglayan, C. Ulubas Serce, M. Gazel, and C. Varveri

Chapter 38: Prunus necrotic ringspot virus

R. W. Hammond

Chapter 39: Stocky prune virus

T. Candresse, L. Svanella-Dumas, and P. Gentit


Part VI. Stone Fruit Viroids and Related Diseases

Chapter 40: Peach latent mosaic viroid and its Diseases in Peach Trees

R. Flores, F. Di Serio, C. Hernández, M. Barba, and A. Hadidi

Chapter 41: Peach latent mosaic viroid in Naturally Infected Temperate Fruit Trees

L. Giunchedi, P. E. Kyriakopoulou, M. Barba, and A. Hadidi

Chapter 42: Hop stunt viroid

T. Sano

Part VII. Stone Fruit Phytoplasmas and Related Diseases

Chapter 43: European Stone Fruit Yellows Phytoplasma

C. Marcone, B. Jarausch, W. Jarausch, and F. Dosba

Chapter 44: X-Disease Phytoplasma

J. K. Uyemoto and B. C. Kirkpatrick

Chapter 45: Peach Yellow Leaf Roll Phytoplasma

B. C. Kirkpatrick and J. K. Uyemoto

Chapter 46: Peach Rosette Phytoplasma

A. Ragozzino

Chapter 47: Cherry Lethal Yellows and Decline Phytoplasmas

S. F. Zhu, A. Bertaccini, I.-M.Lee, S. Paltrinieri, and A. Hadidi


Part VIII. Diseases of Pome and Stone Fruits of Undetermined Etiology

Chapter 48: Virus-like Disorders of Fruit Trees with Undetermined Etiology

W. E. Howell, D. Thompson, and S. Scott


Part IX. Virus and Virus-Like Diseases of Nuts, Figs, and Olive Trees

Chapter 49: Hazel Mosaic

A. Ragozzino

Chapter 50: Virus and Phytoplasma Diseases of Almond

V. Savino, A. Bazzoni, and D. Boscia

Chapter 51: Almond Witches’-Broom Phytoplasma

X. Foissac, E. Choueiri, and J.-M Bové

Chapter 52: Fig Mosaic Disease and Associated Pathogens

G. P. Martelli

Chapter 53: Viruses, Phytoplasmas, and Diseases of Unknown Etiology of Olive Trees

K. Çaglayan, F. Faggioli, and M. Barba


Part X. Detection Methods for Pome and Stone Fruit Viruses, Viroids and Phytoplasmas

Chapter 54: Biological Indexing

D. Thompson, W. E. Howell, and M. Kolber

Chapter 55: Immunology and Immunological Assays Applied to the Detection, Diagnosis and Control of Fruit Tree Viruses

M. Cambra, D. Boscia, M. Gil, E. Bertolini, and A. Olmos

Chapter 56: Fluorescent and Ultramicroscopic Methods for Plant Virus Diagnostics and the Study of Virus-Plant Cell Interactions

V. Hari, M. H. A. Ghaffar, and V. Undyala

Chapter 57: Double-Stranded RNAs and their Use for Characterization of Recalcitrant Viruses

R. R. Martin, W. Jelkmann, and I. E. Tzanetakis

Chapter 58: Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis for Viroid Detection

D. Hanold, J. W. Randles, and A. Hadidi

Chapter 59: Molecular Hybridization Techniques for Detecting and Studying Fruit Tree Viruses and Viroids

V. Pallas, F. Faggioli, F. Aparico, and J. A. Sanchez-Navarro

Chapter 60: Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Systemic Plant Pathogens

A. Hadidi, A. Olmos, G. Pasquini, M. Barba, R. R. Martin, and A. M. Shamloul

Chapter 61: DNA Microarrays and Other Future Trends in Detection and Typing of Viruses, Viroids, and Phytoplasmas

M. Barba and A. Hadidi


Part XI. Control Measures for Pome and Stone Fruit Viruses, Viroids and Phytoplasmas

Chapter 62: Strategies for Control of Systemic Pathogens of Fruit Trees – An Overview

A. Hadidi, G. Pasquini, M. Barba, S. Spiegel, A. Zaidi, and A. Crescenzi

Chapter 63: Vector Control of Fruit Tree Viruses and Phytoplasmas

L. Carraro, G. Labonne, and S. Dallot

Chapter 64: Exclusion of Pome and Stone Fruit Viruses, Viroids, and Phytoplasmas by Certification and Quarantine

P. J. Reed and J. A. Foster

Chapter 65: Elimination of Systemic Pathogens by Thermotherapy, Tissue Culture, or In Vitro Micrografting

M. Laimer and M. Barba

Chapter 66: Biotechnological Approaches for Resistance to Viruses, Viroids, and Phytoplasmas

M. Ravelonandro, R. Scorza, and R. W. Hammond

Chapter 67: Breeding for Resistance to Plum pox virus

V. Decroocq, M.-L Badenes, and M. Neumüller

Chapter 68: Control Measures of Pome and Stone Fruit Viruses, Viroids, and Phytoplasmas: Role of International Organizations

A.-S. Roy

Publish Date: 2011
Format: 8.5” x 11” hardcover
ISBN: 978-0-89054-396-2
Pages: 428
Images: 163 color images
Publication Weight: 4 lbs

Edited by Ahmed Hadidi, Marina Barba, Thierry Candresse, and Wilhelm Jelkmann

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