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Conspectus of World Ethnomycology
Conspectus of World Ethnomycology
"...an excellent and recommended pick for collections focusing on the plants and fungi of the world as well as world cultures."
—Midwest Book Review

Item No. 43955
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By Frank M. Dugan

About the Author

Frank Dugan is a Research Plant Pathologist with the USDA-ARS Western Regional Plant Germplasm Introduction and Testing Research Station at Washington State University. He was formerly a Collection Scientist for Mycology and Botany at American Type Culture Collections, and spent his career managing and researching diverse collections of fungal and higher plant germplasm. Dr. Dugan is also the author of the best-selling, critically acclaimed APS PRESS book The Identification of Fungi: An Illustrated Introduction with Keys, Glossary, and Guide to Literature and Fungi in the Ancient World.

This book surveys the folk usage of fungi worldwide from the perspective of a specialist in germplasm conservation and research. It catalogs the scientific names of fungi used for food, medicine, and other miscellaneous applications by indigen­ous peoples, peasant farmers, hunter-gatherers, and others commonly referred to as “folk” in ethnographic literature.

The origins of the discipline of ethnomycology are sketched, and an argument is made for the origins of scientific mycology from the herb-wives and other “wise-women” of premodern Europe. The evolution of ethnomycology is traced from a focus on “entheogenic” fungi to broader folk prac­tices and applications. Synopses are provided of the most important groups and species of fungi used for food or medicine or in craft production on each habitable continent or major geographic region, and a sampling of folklore pertinent to fungi in each such region is given. Multiple examples are provided of the cultivation or harvest of edible or medicinal fungi, especially when such activities sustain sea­sonally employed or underemployed people, such as Roma in Europe, certain immigrant groups in North America, and peasant farmers in various geographic regions.

Liter­ature is cited to guide readers toward in situ and ex situ sources of fungal germ­plasm and to broader appreciation of folk uses (“primitive” biotechnology) of fungi and other anthropological aspects involving the fungal kingdom.

Conspectus of World Ethnomycology: Fungi in Ceremonies, Crafts, Diets, Medicines, and Myths


The Present Scope of Ethnomycology: From Entheogens to Biotechnology

Introduction
Tradition and change
In Wasson’s footsteps (sort of)
Documentation and conservation of fungal germplasm
Food and nutrition
Folk medicine and medicinal mushrooms
Ethical and legal issues
Some global perspectives


Ethnomycological Knowledge in the Premodern Western Tradition: 
The Herb-wives of Reformation Europe as Midwives to the Birth
of Mycology

Highlights and summary
Archives and archetypes
Herb-women, root-women, wise-women, and witches
The market-women of Europe
Ethnobotanical and ethnomycological studies
Carolus Clusius, Franciscus van Sterbeeck, and the beginnings of mycology
Some important caveats
Women and mycology in the Enlightenment and beyond


Europe and the Mediterranean

Highlights and summary
Mycophilia and mycophobia
Magic and folklore
Edible fungi
Medicinal uses
Miscellaneous uses


Asia and the Pacific

Highlights and summary
Asian and Pacific ethnomycology sensu Wasson
Fungi in myths and folklore of Asia and Oceania
Indigenous uses of fungi for food, medicine, and crafts in Asia and Oceania
Asian use of fungi for fermented foods


Sub-Saharan Africa

Highlights and summary
Psychoactive fungi
Fungi in myths and folklore
Culinary and medicinal uses of fungi


Latin America and the Caribbean

Highlights and summary
Ethnographic studies on psychoactive species
Mythology and folklore
Culinary and medicinal uses, emphasizing commercial harvest of wild mushrooms and cultivation by farmers


North America

Highlights and summary
Folklore and mythology, with emphasis on Native Americans
Fungi as food, medicine, craft supplies, or other uses, with emphasis on Native Americans
Fungi commercially harvested from the wild or recently cultivated for profit


Summary and Conclusions
Literature Cited
Appendixes
Index
"...an excellent and recommended pick for collections focusing on the plants and fungi of the world as well as world cultures."
—Midwest Book Review

"...an absorbing read...can heartily commend it."
—Inoculum
Publish Date: 2011
Format: 7" x 10" softcover
ISBN: 978-0-89054-395-5
Pages: 160
Images: 27 images
Publication Weight: 2 lbs

By Frank M. Dugan

Conspectus of World Ethnomycology: Fungi in Ceremonies, Crafts, Diets, Medicines, and Myths

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